Melanoma is a malignant neoplasm originating from the neuroectodermal melanin-producing cells – melanocytes​

In recent years, there has been a dynamic increase in the incidence of this cancer, which, if detected at an early stage, gives the possibility of full recovery. ​

The undisputed risk factor of the disease is excessive exposure to UV, light skin phototype, sunburn, especially in childhood, but also family atypical moles.